Pre-Pregnancy Counselling

Pre-Pregnancy Counselling

Most babies are born healthy, however approximately 3-4 in 100, or 3-4%, of babies are born with some type of birth defect ranging from mild to severe. Birth defects can occur for a variety of reasons. They can be caused by genetic (inherited), environmental, or unknown factors. Couples may be at a slightly increased risk to have a baby with a birth defect due to risk factors such as maternal age, family history, or exposure to infectious or environmental triggers.

In a perfect world, with pre-conception health care, we are able to evaluate and screen for a variety of risk factors prior to conception by clinical and genetic history and begin to initiate specific, individualized laboratory tests, vaccinations, counselling on nutrition and exercise and dietary supplementation – all of which is critical to a healthy pregnancy and improve the chances of having a healthy, full-term newborn.

To identify carrier status for certain genetic disorders, blood tests are offered, as appropriate, to couples. Common gene defects that are screened: